Guide to Conversion of Partnership Firm into LLP
More and more partnership firms are being converted into a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP). LLP offers a host of features such as unlimited partners, limited liability protection, transferability, survivability, etc., – making it more attractive than a partnership firm. In this article, we look at the procedure for conversion of Partnership Firm into LLP in a step by step manner.
Typically Partners in a Partnership Firm would not have a digital signature as the same is not necessary for registration of a partnership firm. However, if the Partners decide to convert the Partnership Firm into a Limited Liability Partnership, then Digital Signatures would be required for all the Partners.
DIN or DPIN
Partners in a LLP or Directors in a Private Limited Company require a DIN / DPIN. A DIN is a unique number given for each person who is a LLP Partner or Director. Once, a DIN or DPIN is issued, it can be used for lifetime without any renewal or compliance filing.
Once, two DIN or DPIN numbers are available, application for name reservation can be made to the Ministry of Corporate Affair. Reservation of name of the LLP must first be obtained before filing the forms for conversion of the Partnership Firm into LLP.
Filing LLP Form 17 – Conversion of Partnership into LLP
LLP Form 17 (Application and Statement for the Conversion of Partnership Firm into Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)) must be filed along with the incorporation application and subscribers sheet while converting a partnership firm into a LLP. Further, the following documents must be mandatorily attached to the LLP Form 17:
Statement of consent of partners of the firm;
Statement of assets and liabilities of the firm duly certified as true and correct by the Chartered Accountant in practice;
Copy of acknowledgement of latest income tax return (Mandatory);
Approval from any regulatory body/ authority (Mandatory, in case applicable approvals from the concerned body/ authority or authorities is required and have been obtained);
List of all the secured creditors along with their consent to the conversion (Mandatory in case consent of all the secured creditors for conversion of the firm into limited liability partnership has been);
- Clearance or No Objection Certificate from Tax Authorities;
Once, LLP Form 17 is prepared it must be digitally signed by a Designated Partner and a Chartered Accountant (in whole-time practice) or Cost Accountant (in whole-time practice) or Company Secretary (in whole-time practice).
Filing for Incorporation & Conversion of Partnership into LLP
For the conversion of Partnership Firm into LLP, along with LLP Form 17, LLP Form 2 and LLP Form 3 must also be filed. LLP Form 2 contains incorporation document and subscriber’s statement. Along with LLP Form 2, the following documents must be submitted:
- Proof of address of registered office of LLP;
- Subscribers’ sheet including consent;
- In principle approval of regulatory authority, if required
- Detail of LLP(s) and/ or company(s) in which partner/ designated partner is a director/ partner (if any).
LLP Form 3 contains the initial LLP Agreement. This form can be filed once the Partnership Firm is converted into LLP or while filing for conversion of Partnership Firm into LLP. The LLP Agreement must be attached with LLP Form 3.
Successful Conversion of Partnership into LLP
On successful conversion of Partnership firm into LLP, the Registrar would issue Certificate of Incorporation of LLP. Once, the LLP is incorporated and the Partnership Firm is converted, the Partnership Firm would be deemed to be dissolved. Further, on conversion of Partnership into LLP, all properties, assets, interests, rights, privileges, liabilities, obligations of the firm is transferred to the LLP. In other words, the whole of the undertaking of the firm is transferred to the LLP.
However, any approvals, permit or license issued under any written law to the Partnership Firm will not be transferred automatically to the LLP. Therefore, fresh licenses or registrations may be required. This aspect of conversion of Partnership into LLP must be well considered before the conversion process.
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